Tooth Enamel Repair

Tooth enamel repair is a common dental treatment to help preserve and improve the appearance of your teeth. Tooth enamel erosion exposes the softer dentin layer to harmful substances, which can lead to tooth decay and damage.


Changing your diet to avoid acidic foods and drinks, chewing sugarless gum, drinking water and using fluoridated toothpaste can help prevent enamel erosion. Remineralization can also help strengthen weakened enamel.

Tooth Bonding

Tooth bonding, or any type of dental bonding, is a simple procedure that can change the appearance and strength of a tooth. Your dentist will first select a composite resin color that is as close to the natural tooth color as possible, and then they will apply it to the damaged area of the tooth. It is a quick treatment that typically doesn’t require anesthesia, unless it also includes a filling or the dentist needs to dramatically change the shape of the tooth.

Once the damaged tooth has been prepped, your dentist will add a liquid that hardens it, and then they will use an ultraviolet light to set the composite resin into place. The bonded composite is then shaped and completed until it looks natural and matches the surrounding teeth. The bonded composite is even able to correct certain gaps between teeth, as well as lengthen a tooth that may be shorter than the rest of your smile.

Bonded composites resemble your natural teeth and are very durable. The lifespan of a bonding depends on how you care for it, but a proper oral hygiene regimen that includes brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly will prolong its life. Avoid habits that could chip the bonded resin, like biting your fingernails or using your teeth to open things.

Dental Veneers

If tooth whitening treatments and bleaching haven’t worked to give you the smile you want, dental veneers may be a solution. Veneers are thin porcelain shells that can be used to cover one or more teeth. They can fix crooked or uneven teeth, close spaces between teeth, reshape a single tooth or group of teeth, make the teeth appear larger, change the color and shape of your teeth, and much more.

When you opt to get a set of dental veneers, your dentist will likely schedule an initial appointment so they can talk with you about the results you’re hoping for. The dentist will also look at the teeth you want treated and take X-rays, if needed, to ensure they’re suitable for treatment.

Before putting on the veneers, the dentist will clean and polish the surface of each tooth. They’ll also etch the tooth, which roughens it so the bonding process will be stronger and faster. The dentist will then apply the veneers and use a special cement to help them stay in place. This cement hardens quickly when exposed to ultraviolet light.

Porcelain veneers can be very long-lasting when they are cared for correctly. You should brush and floss them just as you would any other teeth, and you should also visit your dentist for regular cleanings.

Dental Crowns

Dental crowns are large fillings used to cover a tooth that has a cavity, or other structural problems. These are often made out of porcelain fused to metal, or ceramic. These crowns are very strong and can be bonded to the tooth with resin cement or adhesive. These can be used to treat teeth that have had root canals, or to replace a missing tooth.

They can also be used to correct bite problems that result from a missing tooth, or other issues. Leaving gaps in the mouth can lead to overgrowth of adjacent teeth, malocclusion, or even temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems. Crowns can be made out of a variety of materials including porcelain, zirconia and metal alloys such as gold or nickel-chromium alloys.

The cost of a dental crown can vary greatly depending on the type and material, and how much work is needed to make it properly fit the patient’s tooth. It’s important to weigh all the options when deciding on the type of crown you need. Choosing the least expensive option may not be the best long term decision for your oral health.

Some of the more common types of dental crowns are:

Tooth Whitening

Although enamel is hard and durable, it does not have living cells, which means that once it undergoes damage it can’t grow back. Tooth enamel erosion can lead to sensitivity and tooth decay, so it is important to see your dentist immediately if you think you may be losing enamel. Your dentist can recommend preventive treatments like fluoride rinses and toothpaste, or in-office restorations like fillings and crowns.

Depending on the cause of your erosion, your dentist may also recommend cosmetic procedures like teeth bonding or dental veneers. In tooth bonding, a resin that matches your teeth’s color is applied to the damaged area of the enamel. This can protect a weakened area and improve your smile’s appearance. In more severe or advanced cases of enamel erosion, your dentist may suggest veneers. These are thin pieces of porcelain that are permanently cemented to the front surfaces of your teeth that face outward.

Tooth whitening, or any type of tooth bleaching, can lighten your teeth’s natural color by several shades. However, results vary from person to person, and the best way to maintain healthy teeth is to avoid staining foods and drinks, continue to brush and floss regularly, and visit your dentist for regular cleanings and checkups.