Dental Prosthetics

Dental prosthetics help people eat, smile, and function normally. They also boost their self-esteem and self-confidence.

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Prosthetics are a great option for anyone with missing or damaged teeth. Hygienists can counsel patients about the best type of dental prosthesis to fit their needs. They can also recommend soft, easy-to-chew foods during the adaptation phase.

Implants

If you’ve lost a tooth, or have gaps between teeth that contribute to bone loss and increased risk of gum disease, dental prosthetics can help. Implants are a popular solution because they look and feel like your natural teeth and can prevent bone loss in the area where the tooth was missing.

The procedure involves surgically inserting a titanium fixture (post) into your jawbone. A variable amount of time is needed for osseointegration to occur before the implant crown, bridge or denture is attached.

Dental implants are available in a variety of shapes and sizes depending on your unique spacing and bone availability needs. The surface of an implant can vary as well; a porous surface allows for more bone contact, and a microgrooved or acid-etched surface promotes a stronger connection.

The materials used in the fabrication of current dentures, removable dental prosthetics and permanent dental implants are designed for strength, durability and aesthetics. Your dentist will discuss the best options for you. Different materials are used for each type of prosthesis, including traditional acrylics and newer nanohybrid composites or double cross-linked acrylics that offer superior strength and longevity.

Bridges

Dental bridges are fixed dental prosthetics used to close gaps in the mouth caused by missing teeth. The most common type of dental bridge is the traditional dental bridge, which involves creating crowns for the healthy teeth on either side of a gap and placing an artificial tooth in between.

Zirconia is a popular material for dental bridges because of its superior hardness and aesthetic qualities. In addition to being highly durable, zirconia is also extremely biocompatible and hypoallergenic.

The dental bridges market is primarily driven by the increasing occurrence of tooth loss and related conditions. Other factors driving the growth of the market include increased awareness of dental hygiene, rising demand for cosmetic dentistry procedures, and growing adoption of fixed dental implants.

Before a patient can receive a dental bridge, their dentist will need to conduct an oral exam and perform x-rays or CBCT scans to ensure the anchor teeth are strong enough to support a dental prosthetic. In some cases, the anchor teeth may need to be modified to accommodate the prosthetic.

Crowns

Crowns are used to reshape discolored teeth or make missing teeth look more natural. They are a good solution for patients who don’t want to get implants or bridges. However, it’s important to discuss this treatment with a prosthodontist first to ensure that it won’t cause any problems for the patient.

Dental crowns can be made of a variety of materials, including gold, porcelain, resin and metal alloys. Metals are preferred for their strength and durability, but not all patients can tolerate them. The best material depends on the patient’s lifestyle and needs.

Before crowns can be placed, the dentist will take impressions of the tooth and bite. This involves placing a putty-like substance into upper and lower dental trays, which will harden when mixed. The resulting impressions are used to create a model for the new crown. The model is then analyzed to check its fit and aesthetics before cementing it in place. This step is crucial to ensuring that the crown will be comfortable and durable for daily use. A successful result will mean that the crown fits the tooth perfectly and doesn’t feel or look foreign.

Veneers

Veneers are thin pieces of porcelain or composite resin that are custom made to fit and bond to your teeth. They are designed to look extremely natural and can hide stains, chips, and uneven teeth. They can also correct small gaps. Unlike other dental prosthetics, veneers are not permanent and will need to be replaced at some point.

To apply veneers, your dentist will first prep your tooth. This will involve cleaning, polishing, and etching the tooth surface to make it rougher for bonding. They may also use a local anesthetic to make the procedure more comfortable for you.

Once the veneers are applied, they will be hardened using an ultraviolet light. Once the process is complete, your dentist will evaluate the bite and remove any excess cement. You should avoid chewing on pencils or ice with your veneers and make sure to brush and floss regularly.

Recovery from veneers is usually pretty quick. You might experience some soreness or sensitivity in the first few days, but this should subside. You should avoid consuming foods that are high in sugar or acid, as this can stain the veneers.

Dentures

All dentures require fitting by a dentist to ensure they are comfortable and fit correctly. A dentist makes a sample mold of your upper and lower jaw to create a customized denture, and this is sent to a laboratory for fabrication. Dentures must be removed at night to soak in a cleaning solution to prevent bacteria buildup and they should be regularly checked for wear and tear.

For those who are missing multiple teeth or all of their natural teeth, dentures are the best option. Missing teeth can cause the surrounding structures to sag, and they can also make it difficult to speak and eat properly.

Full dentures can be made in either removable or fixed forms and can be fabricated to mimic the look, feel and function of natural teeth. For those who still have healthy teeth remaining, partial dentures can be clipped around the edges of the existing teeth to maintain stability and a balanced situation. This type of dental prosthesis can help to prevent bone loss in the edentulous ridge. This will not stop bone loss completely, but it will significantly reduce the rate of resorption.